Rwanda politics

Politics: RPF Crimes from October 1, 1990 to December 31, 1993 Written on: 24, November, 2006 – 02:20:00 (-0400 GMT) Article by: Paul Rusesabagina RPF War Crimes, Crimes against Humanity, and Crimes of Genocide (October 1, 1990 – December 31 1993) III. RPF CRIMES FROM OCTOBER 1, 1990 TO DECEMBER 31, 1993 RPF War Crimes, Crimes against Humanity, and Crimes of Genocide (October 1, 1990 – December 31, 1993): 1. The Ruhengeri city attack of January 23, 1991: The RPF staged a night attack on the city of Ruhengeri, resulting in heavy civilian casualties and heavy property damage. The RPF opened the gates of Ruhengeri prison, freeing many prisoners and enrolling them as fighters. The RPF also engaged in heavy looting activity in the city, and a reported 400 people were forced out of their homes to help carry the loot. These 400 civilians were all killed afterwards, along with another 100 civilians around the city as the RPF retreated back into the volcano forest. (Abdul J. Ruzibiza, Rwanda, L’Histoire Secrete, 2005, p. 132) 2. The Butaro massacre of May 1992: At Rusasa in the commune of Butaro, in the province of Ruhengeri, the RPF attacked displaced people on a small island in the swamps of Rugezi, destroying their shelters and killing their goats and sheep. 150 people were reportedly killed in this attack. (Testimony provided by witnesses, still living) 3. The notorious Ruhengeri and Byumba massacre of February 8, 1993: The RPF staged a major attack in several communes of the Provinces of Ruhengeri and Byumba, killing many people and inflicting heavy damage on state and privately-owned property. During this attack, the RPF killed a total of 24,400 people in Ruhengeri, and of 15,800 in Byumba. (James K. Gasana, Rwanda: du parti-Etat a l’Etat garnison, 2002, p. 185) 4. The political assassination of May 18, 1993: The RPF is reported to have killed Emmanuel Gapyisi, a prominent political leader from the south and vice president of the MDR party. He was one of the most clear-minded and respected leaders of the MDR party. His killing removed a powerful RPF opponent because Gapyisi was very critical of RPF violent methods and practices. But this also was an extremely reckless crime capable of plunging the country into widespread violence between southerners and northerners especially if the former came to believe the latter had killed their man. Gapyisi’s killing was among the first in a wave of assassinations nationwide targeting Hutu political leaders, including businessmen, mayors, parliamentarians, and leading up to the assassination of Gatabazi, Bucyana, and finally President Habyarimana. An investigation is needed to clear the mystery of these assassinations once and for all. 5. Other crimes and terrorist acts: Throughout the year of 1993, Rwanda experienced a major spike in acts of armed banditry, grenade attacks and mini-bus taxi explosions in several parts of the country. According to several credible witnesses, among them former RPF officer Lieutenant Abdul Rizibiza now in exile in Norway, the acts were the work of infiltrated RPF hit squad members and spy operatives all belonging to the “RPF Network”, who were assigned to spreading violence and insecurity, thus rendering the country ungovernable in a bid to overthrow the government and seize power by force. (Abdul J. Ruzibiza, Testimony of Abdul Ruzibiza, March 14, 2004) IV. RPF CRIMES FROM JANUARY 1, 1995 TO PRESENT (NOVEMBER 8, 2006) RPF War Crimes, Crimes against Humanity, and Crimes of Genocide (January 1,1995 – Present: November 8, 2006): 1. The gruesome Kibeho massacre of April 17-23, 1995: an estimated 4000 internally displaced people were reported killed on the orders of Major General Paul Kagame when army units collectively fired on the Kibeho camp that was estimated to shelter about 100,000 people, indiscriminately killing unarmed men, women, children, and many elderly. Paul Kagame, then vice president and minister of defense, reportedly had established his local operations headquarters in nearby Butare to closely supervise the siege and dismantling of the Kibeho camp. It took one full night of non-stop body disposal by truck towards the Nyungwe forest for mass incineration (many areas of the site were cordoned off for supposed “security and military reasons”) before the RPF allowed journalists, independent observers and UN monitors, to access the site. (Paul Jordan, Witness to Genocide – A Personal Account of the 1995 Kibeho Massacre, 1998; Abdul J. Ruzibiza, Rwanda, L’Histoire Secrete, 2005) This was a well-publicized massacre brazenly carried out by the RPF government, in the presence of the UN military contingent from Zambia and officials from NGO’s assisting these refugees, and many pictures of which were taken and made public. The simple question, then, is why hasn’t there been any independent inquiry so that the perpetrators can be officially identified and punished? 2. The deadliest year of 1996: the year of the infamous mass murder of refugees in Zaïre (currently the Democratic Republic of the Congo) and forced deportation of refugees: The RPA army carried out perhaps the most brutal and genocidal campaign in modern history by attacking the sprawling refugee camps in Goma and Bukavu in Zaïre, home to an estimated 1 to 2 million Rwandan refugees. There is little doubt that among these refugees were those who had participated in the mass killings inside Rwanda 2 years before. But the RPA army put the guilty and the innocent in the same bag, and indiscriminately fired on the camps and crowds of unarmed fleeing refugees, especially women, children and the elderly who were the weakest and unable to run fast, hunting down many of them like beasts deep into the tropical Zairian forest all the way to Tingi Tingi and Mbandaka. By all accounts, it is estimated this whole operation claimed the lives of 400,000 Rwandan refugees. While this operation was underway, the RPA army undertook one of the biggest deportation campaigns ever, by forcibly (i.e. against their will) airlifting an estimated 700,000 refugees back to their respective original communes in Rwanda. Then the RPF started a long-running criminal process of killing these returnees, as a result of which about 50% of the returnees are not living today. These horrific crimes, both in Zaïre and in Rwanda, were executed with orders received from their leaders. (Testimony provided by witnesses, still living; Marie Beatrice Umutesi, Fuir ou Mourir au Zaire: Le vécu d’une réfugiée Rwandaise, 2000) The International Center for Human Rights and Democratic Development (CIDPDD), in teaming with the African Association for the Defense of Human Rights in DRC (ASADHO), concluded that “It appears pertinently that the Rwandan government can be held accountable for war crimes, crimes against humanity, and acts of genocide” in their document entitled “Report of inquiry by the international non-government commission on human rights violations in DRC (former Zaire) 1996-1998”, 1998, p.78. 3. The slaughter of the Nyarutovu wedding, January 18-19, 1997: In the night of January 18-19, 1997, the RPF attacked and killed each and every one of the guests, including the bride and groom and their parents, at a civil wedding in the home of Major Laurent Bizabarimana in Nyarutovu in the northern province of Ruhengeri. 50 people were collectively slaughtered that night. Major Laurent Bizabarimana and his family had recently returned from Zaire during the massive forced deportation by the RPF, and became victims of a brutal RPF nationwide campaign inside Rwanda to eliminate “genocidaire elements” from among these returnees. (Testimony provided by witnesses, still living) 4. The horrors of the Nyakinama Cave, October 23-28, 1997: RPA soldiers are reported to have pursued and killed 8,000 unarmed civilians, especially women, children and the elderly who were too weak to run who had sought refuge in the cave of Nyakinama, in the commune of Kanama, to escape indiscriminate shootings and bombings by the RPA in the area. RPA soldiers reacted by lobbing grenades and other explosives into the cave, then went on to seal off the entrance of the cave with rocks and gravel so no one would be able to come out. ( Amnesty International, The dead can no longer be counted, report, December 1997) 5. The Hutu Christmas massacre of Kayonza, December 23-25, 1998: In the evening hours of December 23, 1998, a passenger on a mini-bus taxi from Kigali got off near Nyagatare, and suddenly fired a gun into the air before running off into the hills of near-by Ngarama. The next day, people woke up to road blocks at Kayonza and Musha, and to military security sweep operations in the surrounding communes of Ngarama, Muvumba, Murambi, Kayonza, and Bicumbi. All taxis to and from Kigali were stopped and carefully screened for Hutus, who were ordered out before the taxis were allowed to resume their journey. These Hutus were then all executed using guns or used up hoes, then loaded up onto trucks and shipped to humming incineration centers in the Mutara region, with the ashes later dispersed into the Akagara National Park. An estimated 5,000 innocent civilians, including the cousin of one witness, perished in this macabre 2-day operation. (Testimony provided by witnesses, still living) 6. The brutal reprisal campaigns against Abacengezi (1997-2000) and the ethnic cleansing of the Mutara region (1995 and after): From 1997 to around 2000, the RPF faced an increased number of cross-border raids from Zaire into Rwanda carried out by remnants of the previous army who called themselves “Abacengezi” (or inroad specialists). Each time they attacked, the RPA army responded by unleashing a brutal reprisal campaign targeting the civilian population, especially in the northwestern provinces of Ruhengeri and Gisenyi, in order to break the will of the insurgents, many of whom originated from these provinces. More than 50,000 people were killed in many communes of these 2 provinces from 1997 to 2000. In the meantime, the RPF returned to the Mutara region in the northeast and started where it had left off in cleansing the area of all ethnic Hutus. The RPF decimated native Hutus, as well as other Hutus who had immigrated into this once under-populated area from other parts of the country in search of land and new jobs during the 1960’s, 1970’s, and 1980’s. The Mutara region is now the new all-Tutsi land of Rwanda, complete with farms and cattle ranches for the Tutsi herders. There have been reports that these ranching activities, in search of grazing pasture, have led to severe encroachments into the adjacent Akagera National Park, destroying the ecosystem of the area and the natural habitat of many wild animals. (Testimony provided by witnesses, still living) V. OTHER ALLEGED RPF CRIMES 1. The crime of denying people their right to seek medical treatment overseas: Since taking power in July 1994, the RPF has put in place a criminal policy of systematic non-issuance of medical treatment exit visas for people it wants to punish for multiple reasons. These are mostly people who have voiced their criticism of the government or the army, or are perceived to be in the political opposition, etc. One of the most glaring cases is that of Father Andre Sibomana, former Editor of the independent newspaper “Kinyamateka”, and a former interim Bishop of the Diocese of Kabgayi after the assassination of Bishop Thaddee Nsengiyumva in June 1994. He was a staunch social justice advocate and human rights activist known for his editorials denouncing the excesses of the RPF regime. He was never allowed to seek expert medical treatment overseas, and succumbed to his illness in Kabgayi at the young age of 43 on March 7, 1998. Dr. Jean Bagiramenshi, a veterinarian who worked for the government and later consulted for the World Bank, was another victim of this policy. He suffered from multiple ailments, including kidney malfunction and gout, and may have had liver problems as well. He was prevented several times from seeking medical treatment out of Rwanda on his own money, and by the time he was allowed to leave, it was too late. He died in Belgium in 2005. Investigations must be carried out to determine how many people have fallen victim to this criminal policy. (Testimony provided by witnesses, still living) 2. RPF death squads on the trail of opponents inside and outside Rwanda: On May 5, 1998, former Interior Minister Seth Sendashonga was assassinated in Nairobi, Kenya; on October 6, 1996, Colonel Theoneste Lizinde and businessman Augustin Bugirimfura were assassinated in Nairobi, Kenya; in the night of February 14-15, 1999, former CEO of Rwanda African Continental Bank (BACAR) Pasteur Musabe was assassinated in Yaounde, Cameroon. Inside Rwanda, former Council of State president Vincent Nsanzabaganwa was assassinated on February 14, 1997; former presidential advisor Assiel Kabera was gunned down on March 5, 2000; on April 7, 2003, parliamentarian Leonard Hitimana was assassinated, and no inquiry has been conducted. Two weeks later on April 23, 2003, Colonel Augustin Cyiza was abducted and killed. Edouard Mutsinzi, former editor of “Le Messager” newspaper in Kigali, was abducted and beaten up, with his ribs broken, his eyes taken out, and his brain damaged so bad that he lives in a vegetative state in Belgium. All the victims were either critics of the government or potential compromising witnesses in possession of top state secrets. These crimes and many others were reported to have been committed by RPF death squad members assigned to do the dirty work against RPF opponents in different world capitals. They must be investigated, and their perpetrators brought to justice. 3. The cruel and inhumane use of prisoners in de-mining operations: The RPF has been reported sending hundreds to Hutu prisoners to their immediate death by forcing them to run in areas where landmines are suspected of having been planted by the ousted army, especially in the Bugesera region. These allegations must be fully investigated and prosecuted. (Testimony provided by witnesses, still living) 4. The cruel and inhumane treatment and exploitation of Rwandan prisoners in the Congo war for the profit of President Paul Kagame: During the Congo war and the occupation of Eastern DRC by the RPA, reports abounded about Rwandan prisoners being sent to die at the forefront of a brutal war of occupation and exploitation of the DRC. There were also numerous reports that hundreds, maybe thousands, of Rwandan prisoners were sent to RPA-occupied areas of the Congo to work as forced labor in the digging of minerals, especially Coltan, gold and diamonds, for the top brass members of the RPA army, starting with President Paul Kagame himself. This was a flagrant violation of international laws governing prisoners and a despicable trampling of human dignity. A full investigation and prosecution of these crimes is warranted. (Testimony provided by witnesses, still living) VI. FINAL OBSERVATIONS 1. When this RPF crime compendium is released, I expect the RPF government to hit back with blanket accusations, without any proof, that I am a “revisionist and a negationist of the Rwandan genocide”, and that “I harbor an ideology of genocide and divisionism”. The international community must take a very close and careful look at such character assassination, and in many cases outright persecution, of all real and perceived contrary opinion holders and political opponents, social justice advocates and human rights critics in Rwanda by the RPF government, and find a proper way to address it. 2. The present compendium was conceived as an effort to document most reported and under-reported crimes by the RPF organization as a predominantly Tutsi rebel group and government with a view to bring to light its apparent share of responsibility in the whole Rwandan tragedy. Even though it places a premium on seemingly forgotten Hutu casualties, this document did not and does not intend to belittle Tutsi and Twa casualties of the Rwandan genocide. All sons and daughters of Rwanda, as well as foreigners who perished in this tragedy were a terrible loss to humanity and must be equally mourned and remembered, regardless of their ethnicity. We need to know with certainty who massacred the Bagogwe Tutsi sub-clan of Gisenyi in 1991 and 1992. We need to know with certainty who butchered the Banyamulenge Tutsis and Bagobwe Tutis sheltered at Mudende camps in August, November, and December 1997. We need to know with certainty who killed the American, British, Australian and New Zealand tourists at Bwindi National Park in Uganda in 1999. Who killed the Spanish volunteers in Rwanda in 1997 and in Congo in the following years? Who abducted, mutilated and killed former Rwandan cabinet minister Juvenal Uwiringiyimana before dumping his body in a Brussels canal in December 2005? Was he or not a victim of the RPF death squad in Europe as widely suspected? The overall goal of this document is to lift the cloud of mystery and secrecy hanging over the Rwandan tragedy. It is to fight impunity and help bring equitable justice to Rwanda: whoever killed a Tutsi must pay, whoever killed a Hutu must pay, whoever killed a Twa must pay, and whoever killed a foreigner must pay. 3. Rwandan President Paul Kagame is now widely believed to be behind the shooting down of the aircraft carrying President Juvenal Habyarimana on that fateful night of April 6, 1994. In that capacity, he is the suspected triggerman of the Rwandan genocide of 1994 and the architect of the genocide after 1994. Kagame outright denies these allegations. But a better way to refute the charges and clear his name once and for all is to allow an independent investigation to look into these crimes. Of course Kagame will never request such an independent investigation, because he knows he is guilty. That’s why we ask the UN to mandate the ITCR to investigate these tragedies not covered by the current mandate. 4. The provinces of Byumba and Ruhengeri did not experience the wave of genocidal killings that engulfed the rest of the country in April 1994, because they were already under RPF control. Yet, the vast majority of families currently living in these regions (about 80% of all inhabitants of these areas) are made up of widows and orphans, who tell stories of their husbands and fathers having been killed by the RPF. International non-government organizations (NGO’s) have been prohibited by the RPF government to go into these areas and assist these widow-run families to move ahead, and to mend the traditional family nucleus and the social fabric which have been completely shattered. Families in these areas with a member in the previous government army have been especially targeted and hit the hardest by the RPF. The simple question is this: why has the international community remained blind in the face of such blatant brutalization of human life? From 1990 to 1994, a reported 400,000 people have died in these areas. Who killed them? 5. Reports have circulated that many extremist RPF members in Kigali and other cities had large caches of weapons in their residences, and had dug up very deep pits in their backyards a few months before the genocide. What was the purpose of these weapons and pits? There have been reports that in the ceasefire months leading up to April 1994, many RPF youths received extensive fire arms training in the CND parliament building housing the RPF battalion, and at the RPF headquarters in Mulindi. Also, it is no secret that while the ruling MRND party had the Interahamwe militia, the MDR party had the JDR (Democratic Republican Youth) militia, and the PSD party had the Abakombozi militia, the RPF had a youth militia of its own that inflicted as much damage as the other militias. An independent inquiry of these facts is needed, and witnesses are available to testify openly. 6. The killings in Rwanda in 1994 were called genocide. Today, the killings in Darfur are being denounced as genocide. The killings in Zaire from 1996 to 2001, which took the lives of more than 4 million innocent lives, were called just that: killings. Where is the logic? Some of the perpetrators of the Rwandan genocide have been punished, and from all indications the perpetrators of the Darfur genocide will be punished, since the setting up of an International Criminal Tribunal for Darfur is already in the works. That’s all good. But when are we going to have the International Criminal Tribunal for Congo? When will the perpetrators of the Zairian killings be punished? Never mind calling the Zairian killings genocide, can their perpetrators at least be punished? There are countries which do not have a total of 4 million inhabitants. That’s a lot of people to kill and live freely ever after. We all know beyond a doubt that the RPF committed these killings. You, the international community, can you tell us who you hold responsible for these wholesale massacres? For the same crimes, there must be the same punishments. 7. More than 50% of current inmates in Rwanda have no official criminal charges against them, but continue to be kept in jail and out of active life. The government keeps the inmates on meager meals that must be supplemented with additional food rations from their families, or they will die from hunger – when they do not succumb to torture so rampant under different forms inside official prisons throughout the country and inside hidden unofficial torture centers. In most cases, women, including those educated, cannot keep a paying job because they need 2 to 3 hours per day to go feed their husbands in jail. No employer will agree to so much time off every day. This means that for the 100,000 married men in prison, there are 100,000 women not working, or a total of 200,000 people not actively contributing to the economy. With an average of 4 children per Rwandan household, that’s a total of 400,000 children nationwide that lack parental guidance and money to attend school. And all of a sudden, the grim picture of the legacy of the RPF regime comes into full focus: the pauperization and illiterate-ization of an entire generation of Rwandans. If this is not slow genocide, then genocide does not exist. Truthfully, there are 5 main factors of genocide: bad leadership, bad media, impunity, poverty, and lack of education. Today, all these 5 genocide factors are in place in Rwanda. The height of injustice in Rwanda can be summed up this way: many innocent Hutu civilians are in jail, while all criminal RPF elements are free. Where is the UN while all of this is happening? There cannot be any possible reconciliation in any nation where one part of the population is having a field day at the expense of the other part of the population on its knees. 8. Joseph Matata, a Rwandan human rights advocate who heads the Brussels-based “Center against Impunity and Injustice in Rwanda”, has reported that about 100 ex-FAR military officers are jailed at the Kibungo military prison since April 1999. An additional 37 or so ex-FAR military officers remain unaccounted for, while many other former comrades have been summarily executed [Report of April 14, 1999]. The “official” political parties in Rwanda today function under the umbrella of the so-called “Forum of Parties” where the RPF is sole master. In view of all this, the question is this: Does the Arusha Peace Agreement of August 1993, painfully reached between the then-RPF rebels and the then-government, and which called for a merger of the 2 fighting armies and free political activity in Rwanda, have any relevance left? 9. Contrary to RPF claims, there is no peace in Rwanda. That explains why far too many Rwandans continue to flee overseas and are easily granted asylee or refugee status. How long is the RPF going to use genocide as a pretext to stifle democracy and entrench one of the most predatory dictatorships ever? Political opposition is completely muzzled. How long will the people of Rwanda continue to die a slow death? Former President Pasteur Bizimungu and his collaborators, such as Charles Ntakirutinka, are rotting in jail for having started a political party. In fact, in Rwanda there is no shortage of political prisoners, prisoners of opinion, prisoners of hate, prisoners of race, etc., and Colonel Stanislas Biseruka, reporter Dominique Makeri, and Colonel Patrick Karegeya are only a handful in a long list. You, the ICTR, whose original mandate was to reconcile the Rwandan people among other things, what is going to be your legacy for Rwanda when your time expires? 10. The recent brutal killing of many businessmen among them Fulgence Nsengiyumva of Gitarama, aged 49, by the RPF government army on August 6, 2006 must be condemned vehemently. His wife is being persecuted for reclaiming the confiscated truck that belonged to him, and their 5 innocent children will be traumatized for the rest of their lives. The recent arrest, search and strip of old women in an open market place by RPF police in broad day light as a way to humiliate and force all old and barefoot women to never set foot in a market place again, is abhorrent and must be condemned vehemently. The on-going campaign to ban bicycles and motorcycles from cities, especially Kigali, as well as the on-going campaign to raze all banana plantations, is an act of economic depredation on the Rwandan population by its RPF government and will result in the starvation of the masses. It must be condemned vehemently. The on-going campaign to expel from Kigali city all the poor, all AIDS orphans, all war widows and war invalids, is criminal. It all started with a seemingly simple desire to take the poor away from the city, then the campaign targeted the bare-foot crowd, then those wearing sandals and slippers, then the pedestrians, then the bicyclists, and finally the motorcyclists. Who is it going to be next? There is clearly a pattern of criminal exclusion that must be condemned. In reality, this whole campaign is an empty attempt by RPF rulers to project to visitors and donors the deceptive impression that Kigali in particular, and Rwanda in general, are well-managed to deserve more financial aid. Chasing all these poor people away from the city without addressing the root cause of their misery is a window dressing, whitened-sepulcher, or sweep-under-the-rug type of approach to development, and it obviously can’t help any poor Rwandan. It can’t fool any foreign donor country either. So the simple question to the United Nations is this: why are the people of Rwanda being so toyed with, persecuted and killed by their own government in this fashion and nothing is being done about it? 11. Finally, what is Presidential Immunity? It seems to mean that someone can kill all the people he or she wants, and not worry about any consequences as long as he or she is president of a given country! We are in the 21st century, and humanity sure can come up with better laws. VII. GENERAL CONCLUSION: The above list of RPF crimes is by no means exhaustive. There are reports of countless RPF crimes before 1994, in 1994, and after 1994 that could not be compiled in this document. For example, in the small eastern town of Muhura as the RPF marched onto Kigali in the Spring of 1994, General Paul Kagame himself is reported not only having given direct orders to fire on crowds of wandering displaced people, but also having personally sprayed bullets into these crowds with his own machine gun. An investigation of this massacre is needed, and witnesses are available to tell the story. Currently, there is a general, state-sponsored crime being perpetrated by the RPF government against an entire segment of the Rwandan population, specifically Hutus, through the infamous Gacaca Courts. The RPF government is attempting to incriminate the biggest number of Rwandans possible by officially labeling them “killers” or “genocidaires”, thus ostracizing them from public life and creating a caste of second class citizens or “untouchables”. Gacaca trials are an age-old, small-courts-type Rwandan tradition designed to settle only misdemeanors, such as stealing a cow, a goat, or chickens, and minor land disputes between neighbors. By its nature, a Gacaca trial does not require judges and jurors to have law school training and degrees, only common sense. Conversely, the crime of genocide is so grave by nature that it cannot be tried in a Gacaca court, with semi-literate judges and jurors, and with no legal defense, without being diminished and debased. The justice system in place wants detainees to admit to the crime of killing if they want to be freed. Then, they head to a local Gacaca court where they not only must confess (and explain) their crimes but also reveal and denounce other killers. Anything short of this is a half-confession and not acceptable, and the suspect must go back to jail. In other cases, witnesses are produced from the woodwork to incriminate suspects for crimes they never committed. Very clearly, there is an attempt here on the part of the RPF government to humiliate and exterminate an entire people. I, Paul Rusesabagina, personally know of specific cases where this has happened. The international community must condemn this abhorrent system and demand its immediate abolition. In summary, here is the sad reality of Rwanda : The genocide and other crimes committed from October 1, 1990 to April 5, 1994, the genocide and other crimes committed from April 6, 1994 to July 4, 1994, and the genocide and other crimes committed from July 5, 1994 to present, were and are the result of a fierce confrontation between on one hand Hutu Extremist militias who hated minority Tutsis and wanted to eliminate them using machetes, spears, and clubs, grenades and machine guns, and on the other hand the RPF army which hated and hates Hutus, and wanted and wants to kill them massively using machine guns, grenades, used up hoes, mass burial, incineration pyres, and organized disappearances. While the ringleaders of the first group have been arrested and prosecuted by the ICTR, the masterminds of the second group remain free and enjoy utmost impunity. That is the core of the sad reality of the Rwandan tragedy, and until there is equitable justice to settle this fundamental issue, peace and reconciliation among Rwandans will remain elusive for many years to come. Equitable justice is a necessary pre-condition to reconciliation. All peoples of the world, including Rwandans, have an inalienable right to life, democracy and freedom. Any effort to reconcile the Rwandan population without a frank, honest, and sincere dialogue will produce the same result: inter-ethnic confro ==================================================== KAGAME DIDN’T BE ABLE TO ANSWER! Written on: 01, February, 2008 – 04:03:49 (-0500 GMT) Article by: Hasom When Kagame was in Malawi he met a rain of questions unfortunately he wasn’t able to answer. MEMORANDUM Your Excellency the President of the Republic of Rwanda , We, Rwandese Refugees in Malawi are pleased to hear about your visit here. We would like to thank you for giving us this opportunity to expose our views and problems though your stay is so short. Your Excellency, the President, let us thank the Republic of Malawi and its people for their open heart they hosted us with. It is indeed the “warm heart of Africa .’’ Your Excellency, allow us to wish you a good and peaceful stay in our country of asylum. Your Excellency, the President, we are taking this occasion to request your high personality to tell the Malawi authorities some of the barriers that are still hindering the repatriation of Rwandese refugees and are the driving force to some Rwandans to be fleeing even today. Your Excellency, we are happy that you have come yourself, would you please like to tell the authorities of our country of asylum whether or not the following problems are still or not, especially because apparently your messengers do not master what is going on in Rwanda. As an example, on October 20th 2005, Mr. Gatare, one of the members of the delegation that visited us openly said before the authorities of Malawi: “You like it or not you’ll end up being repatriated; ask questions or keep silent I’m sure I will receive you in Kigali as I did for those from Uganda, Tanzania and Congo Brazzaville. After all my full programme is almost over!” Your Excellency the President of the Republic of Rwanda , the following are the barriers in question: 1. GACACA: A grass root jurisdiction whose impeccably philosophy was to reconcile two parties in conflict, is nowadays changed into a biased kangaroo court whose objective is to protect Tutsis and demonize Hutus while both sides killed one another! Mr. Nkusi, the Representative of Gacaca jurisdictions during the last visit of sensitizing refugees to return home, himself confirmed it in these terms. “Gacaca is there to judge Hutus who killed Tutsis and it will be always so.” That was in October 2005, Nkusi being with Gatare already mentioned. The judiciary system in Rwanda is unique in its kind. A person that pleads guilty is released while an innocent one without an accuser or charge remains eternally in prison. The released persons are given orders to falsely accuse the innocent ones. 2. IBUKA: In April of each year, Tutsis mourn their relatives killed in 1994. “Hutus are not allowed to mourn their relatives until they get their own IBUKA.” Again that was said by one the delegation members in charge of repatriating refugees in October 2005. And it is pity that this is always repeated by Mr. SIMBURUDARI Theodore, the current head of IBUKA.We don’t know when this will happen. In addition to this, we wonder us why Hutus are not allowed to give respect to their relatives killed in 1994 by burying them in dignity they deserve? 3. GENOCIDE SURVIVORS: There are widows, widowers and orphans from both Tutsi and Hutu sides. Surprisingly, they are differently assisted depending on the ethnic group. For example: FARG is for Tutsis while MINALOC is for all vulnerable people. And apart from this, all Rwandans are, every year, compelled to give their contributions in FARG and not in MINALOC. And also 5% of the national budget is put in FARG. N.B. FARG is a French acronym meaning ‘Fund for Assistance to Genocide Survivors’ MINALOC stands for the Ministry of Local Administration, good Governance, Community Development and Social Affairs. Recently, a new association was born “AERG” meaning Students Association of Genocide Survivors. This association is only for Tutsis. Its role is to protect Tutsi students. Students members of this association protect themselves as they are armed and given military trainings. Their Hutu counterparts are in endless fear. All of these clear up the terrifying division established among Rwandan youth. The ultimate outcome of this is another genocide. 4. DEMOCRACY: Your Excellency, in January 2007, in your opening speech of the national conference “INAMA Y’IGIHUGU Y’UMUSHYIKIRANO” you yourself said that Rwanda is criticized of having no political space. This hypothesis is confirmed by some tragic events that occurred. Your Excellency, President of Rwanda, before, during and after the August 2003 Presidential elections, many Rwandans, non RPF supporters were persecuted, beaten up, jailed and the lucky ones taking the way of exile. After four years in office, what guarantee can you give, Mr. President, to all those still suffering because of their political adherence? Your Excellency, you recently released the former President of Rwanda, Pasteur BIZIMUNGU who was jailed because setting up an opposition political party UBUYANJA. However, some of his supporters are still in prison. What do you plan Mr. President for the party supporters in prison, those in exile or those who wish to join it? Your Excellency, many of the former President’s Party, MRND, are jailed, persecuted and others are in exile and are still called “INTERAHAMWE” Your Excellency, since 1959, our country has encountered various problems that made many people to flee. For different reasons some have returned home, others are still in exile or wish to go back home like the King KIGELI V NDAHINDURWA. Those supporting him are persecuted, imprisoned or prefer to flee the country. As the Head of the Government of the National Unity, what do you plan for all those who are not RPF adherents or who wish to found their own political parties? Your Excellency, the President, why are only Hutus are accused of having genocidal ideology and how do you measure it and with which instrument? Don’t you think this the way of trying to slowly eliminate those people whose political line differs from yours? 5. LAND DISTRIBUTION: Many people coming from Uganda, Tanzania and Burundi had of course no land to settle on. But they joined the locals on their land and shared it. Surprisingly, most of them had cattle. Is it understandable that they shared land but not cattle? 6. OUR SECURITY IN MALAWI: There some people who claim to be the messengers of your government and who come and terrorize us by threatening us to put us on the list of the genocide perpetrators and by other acts aiming at blackmailing our image before the authorities of our country of asylum. An authentic example: A certain man came from Rwanda in 2003, and slaughtered two brothers in CHISAPO and it was discovered that he hadn’t registered himself as a refugee. When asked who he was, he simply said “I am from Kigali.” He is now detained in Maula prison. Your Excellency, the President of the Republic of Rwanda, allow us once again to thank you for having thought of us and having listened to our views. As a former refugee, you know yourself how hard pit is to be in exile. We would like, therefore, to request you to sit with your opponent politicians so as to bring about a favorable situation to all Rwandese to live together in harmony. Some would like to go back home but not in suicidal adventurers. After all East or West, home is best! For the Rwandese refugee community in Malawi, C.C: – The President of the Republic of Malawi -The Minister of Foreigner Affairs, Malawi -The Minister of Home Affairs -The Commissioner for Preparedness, Relief and Rehabilitation -UNHCR Geneva -UNHCR Malawi -H.E Ambassador of……… – H.E Ambassador of………. -H.E Ambassador of………. -Human Right and Rehabilitation Malawi -Representative of European Union , Malawi -The Senior Camp Administrator , Dzaleka Refugee Camp Source: Kigali got ready about the refusal of Hutu repatriation Written on: 19, March, 2008 – 14:52:49 (-0400 GMT) Article by: Tutikanga Kigali got ready about the refusal of Hutu repatriation Kinshasa, 3/19/2008 / Politics While writing a list of more than 6.000 supposed to be genocides that would be on the congolese territory, Rwanda means clearly that it doesn’t want the repatriation of its citizens. Other source of blockage comes because while writing a list of about the totality of valid men that count the Fdlr, Kigali points out the efforts of Kinshasa in favour of the voluntary repatriation. It is in preparation of this blockage that Kigali always exaggerated the number of the Fdlr while giving the number of fourteen thousand men; it doesn’t matter, out of fourteen thousand men, there are women and children. It is sufficient to make the subtraction to understand that for Kigali, everything that remains is genocide. The consequence is that Kigali won’t want to receive them. The Congolese government should bring them elsewhere or should nearly bring before the justice the totality of the Fdlr. When one knows that there are women and the children who won’t accept to return back without their father parents accused of genocides, the refusal of repatriation becomes clearer. The language of Kigali is also clear. It wan’t the Hutu refuges’ return to Rwanda, reasons of this aversion are easily conceivable. Paul Kagame has not any intention to apply the politics to introduce what he considers as a worm into the fruit. If a strong a core of Hutu return back to Rwanda, it goes from one that it will constitute a strong political group capable to take out Kigali from the cemetery silence where lives politicians. It will push Kigali to repress and to exacerbate the international community finally that, today, caresses Rwanda in the sense of hairs. So much that the Fdlr will be on the congolese territory, this country won’t have the peace in its oriental part. It is why, one cannot solve the Nkundabatware equation without finding a solution to the presence of the Fdlr. The chief of the Cndp doesn’t make mystery to this topic. He took weapons to hunt the Fdlr. If he condemns the government, it is because this last would be incapable to repatriate these Rwandan genocides… The Security Council requires the Fdlr to put down weapons, to get to the disposal tion of the Congolese government and the Monuc for their repatriation. The answer of the Fdlr is no. What does the Security Council going to do? To be quiet? Who says that it would be sufficient to the Congolese government to dare in order to succeed there where the UN Security Council fails? Source: ========================================================== Major General Paul Kagame behind the shooting down of late Habyarimana’s plane: an eye witness testimony Written on: 10, March, 2008 – 17:12:55 (-0400 GMT) Article by: Tutikanga Major General Paul Kagame behind the shooting down of late Habyarimana’s plane: an eye witness testimony 1. I have been keenly following talks on allegations of crimes committed by Paul Kagame, leader of Rwanda, and his attempts, against all odds, to deny them. I deem it necessary to inform Rwandans and the international community at large of the crimes I witnessed in the hope that he would stop deceiving people. It took quite a long time before I decided to make public this statement because I was in Uganda, where Kagame has a lot of covert agents who would have eliminated me. I know him very well because I worked with him in the Rwandese Patriotic Army since its creation. More so, I served in his escort for nearly 10 years, until I fled the country. My background 2. My name is Aloys Ruyenzi, I was born on 1st March 1971 in Mbarara, Uganda of Rwandan refugee parents. I grew up in Uganda and I joined the National Resistance Army of Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni in 1987. I had a sixmonth course in Basic Military Training, after which I attended a six-month course in military intelligence. After the training, I was posted in the 23rd battalion based in northern Uganda, as intelligence staff. A year later, I was called back to Kampala and posted at the Directorate of Military Intelligence (DMI), where Kagame was a senior officer. While in DMI, I was selected for another course called “the Intelligence and Self-Defence”. When I fled the country, I was working in the Republican Guard, an RPA (Rwanda Patriotic Army) special unit that provides elements for the Presidential Protection Unit. I was Second Lieutenant and my army number was OP1460. I joined RPA since its creation 3. When the Rwandan Patriotic Front attacked Rwanda on 1st October 1990, I was among the fighters. First I was with the 4th battalion operating in the Akagera National Park, until we were pushed back to Uganda and started guerrilla warfare. I then joined the then LIMA Combined Mobile Force, from where I eventually joined the High Command Unit. This is equivalent to army headquarters in a regular army. However unlike the latter the unit’s main duty was to escort Major Kagame, then RPA boss. I first was in the missile unit, before being appointed in the escort of Kagame. 4. When I joined the escort, I resumed my duties as intelligence officer. I would be most of the time close to Kagame as a member of the close bodyguards’ team. In this capacity, I hardly missed any detail of what he would say or instruct to be done. Hence, my testimony is not a piece of hearsays, but a testimony of an eyewitness. 5. After the take over of government by RPF, I once again attended courses in military intelligence and Protection of VIPs. I took up duties as a presidential bodyguard. When the invasion of Zaire started, I was sent there as one of the confidants of Kagame to follow and give detailed account of any military operation that took place. This was in a bid to make sure that he did not miss any detail by sending his own escorts. The crimes that I witnessed there are so much that I cannot detail them here. I was there on special assignment as member of the Republican Guards unit. I will do it in a different paper once I have time. What I can simply say for the time being is that a lot of crimes that were committed by the RPA were ordered by Kagame. 6. People were killed on a very large scale on orders of Kagame and officers who did not carry out orders to kill were either relieved of their duties or disappeared. Kagame does not tolerate anybody disobeying his orders. Similarly, during the time the RPA was fighting the so-called “infiltrators” in northern Rwanda in Ruhengeri and Gisenyi, many unarmed Hutu civilians were killed in what looked like a true ethnic cleansing. I opposed those atrocities, until I was labelled as an enemy collaborator. Reasons for fleeing the country I love so much and I fought for 7. As I said earlier, I joined and served RPA1 since its creation. When I joined it, I sincerely believed that I was struggling to end injustice towards our brothers, our parents and our motherland, and eventually to return home. In any case, this is what we were told. I never envisaged that our return would lead to killings and expulsion of the population we found inside the country. To my dismay, I realised that our leader and current President of Rwanda, Paul Kagame had a hidden agenda. To make matters worse, he would not tolerate any dissenting voice and opposing his orders could even lead to disappearance. 8. I had the misfortune of working in his escort, where the climate is abominable. There is a permanent climate of terror and mistrust, as everybody spies on everybody else. I was intelligence officer, but I knew very well that I was myself being spied on. 9. The intelligence officers do not carry out ordinary military intelligence work they are paid for. They are a squad of criminals that was set up by Kagame for his own ends. Its sole mission is killings opponents and other unwanted elements, so as to consolidate his murderous regime. It is therefore very difficult to work with him, more so as intelligence officer without adhering to his criminal policies. My aim now is that before I am eliminated I want make public a list of assassinations ordered personally by Kagame. The list is indeed very long. 10. I defected because I was realising that we were becoming a gang of killers. I could not stomach that situation which was contrary to what we fought for, that it is fighting for restoring a rule of law. 11. But it took time before I could flee for fear of being arrested and killed as a deserter. I feared being killed by the butt of a used hoe agafuni. The latter is the acronym given to the part of a hoe that RPA used to smash heads of people condemned to death. It is very sad that I kept on working deliberately with a man whose criminal records are so horrendous. 12. The opposition to atrocities planned and ordered by Kagame landed me in trouble as this was considered as tantamount to treason. In fact I was being 1 Rwandese Patriotic Army, the guerrilla force that overrun Rwanda in 1994 under the leadership of Kagame suspected of possible treasonable acts. I was eventually trailed and attempts were made over my life. I was by now labelled as one of the so-called “negative forces”. This was a label given to Interahamwe militia living in Zaire. I was even accused of having released Interahamwe in Nkamira-Gisenyi and put under arrest. This was mere fabrication. Not only there is no Interahamwe prison there, but also I never released anybody with evidence that he was involved in killings. There is no way I could show mercy to such people. I will emphasize here that I do not refer to those innocent Hutus who were labelled Interahamwe because simply by virtue of being Hutus. 13. By the time I worked with the Gendarmerie, people who were detained there were suspected of common law crimes mostly related to land and cattle disputes. I was unfairly arrested on 8th June 1999. Those who arrested me eventually got ashamed and I was released and allowed to resume my duties in the escort of Kagame. My escape from many traps 14. After allegations of conniving with the enemy were levelled against me simply because I did not support killings innocent people, attempts were made to get rid of me in ambushes. The first time I survived an ambush was in Gisenyi on my way to Kabaya thanks to a friend who had warned me. It was on 13th April 1999. 15. I did also escape narrowly a second attempt on my life, but my escort perished. One was called James Kabera, a private soldier, the other one was Hodari, a Mugogwe (a local ethnic Tutsi group of Gisenyi). It was on 15th May 2001. I was again going to Gisenyi on special assignment. I was ambushed in the mountains of Buranga in Ruhengeri. This time around, I had not been warned at all, as I could not imagine that I could be ambushed while on such a mission. I did not understand why I had been selected for the mission but even if I had known, I could not refuse the order. A vehicle trailed me right from Kigali and kept on indicating my position. The Toyota Land cruiser vehicle that I was in was sprayed with bullets and two of my escort were killed on the spot. I don’t know how I survived. 16. The last attempt on my life was on 18th November 2001. This had been assigned to two groups to ensure that I don’t escape anymore. One of the people involved felt bad and told me to flee, as he did not have any quarrel with me. The same day I fled to Uganda. 17. I was first kept under tight surveillance, under CMI (Chieftaincy of Military Intelligence) custody purportedly for my own security. When they gathered enough information and confirmed that I was a genuine asylum seeker, I was allowed to go out and look for shelter. I realised that I could not remain in Uganda, as Rwandan intelligence services there are even more active that Ugandan own services. Many Rwandan asylum seekers were picked there and sneaked back to Rwanda where they were tortured and killed. This is why I decided to go far from Rwanda in my quest for asylum. I am now in a place where I can denounce the atrocities committed by General Paul Kagame and his henchmen. I insisted on giving all these details in order to explain the difficulties faced by an RPA soldier who does not support what Kagame wants. I am hoping that slowly by slowly, the tendency of considering all Tutsi officers as killers will vanish in the minds of many people. General Kagame did a lot of atrocities, he must answer for them A. Kagame’s record. 18. General Kagame is of quite a very bad character. He is extremely nervous, so much so that at time he can crash everything on his way and ransack a whole house. He does not tolerate any dissenting voice, what he says is gospel truth. I worked with him for a long time. He does not tolerate any advice and is trigger-happy. Once one of his close allies simply tells him that you are suspected of disloyalty, this is enough to warrant your death. 19. Kagame can spend a whole month without smiling. He can spend sleepless night abusing people and roughing them up. He does not spare anybody, he beats people at random. Anybody summoned at his home starts shaking excepts henchmen like Major general James Kabarebe. Other officers up to the rank of colonel like Ndugutse could be beaten to our disgust. He is a bloodthirsty person. When I worked with him, he would go very early in the morning to visit detention places of DMI2 to sometime supervise killing. I recall once in Muhura when we were fighting to capture Kigali, he personally went on a 12.7mm AAC (anti air craft) mounted on a jeep of his escort and sprayed bullets on a peaceful market crowd of peasants gathered on a market place. It was in 1994. He then ordered his soldiers to use all available weapons and shell the market. It is very saddening to see a leader getting involved in massacring people in a market, while sarcastically laughing. The few times you will ever see him smiling is mainly when he is killing or seeing people killed. 20. General Paul Kagame supervises the smallest detail of everything going on in the army. He even follows conversations between soldiers on military patrols on their walkie-talkie radios. 21. Every morning, he summons his signal officer and reads through all operations and routine army messages, to make sure that he does not miss anything. He uses to short circuit his military commanding officers by giving direct orders to field commanders without passing through the chain of command. Here I simply want to stress that there is nothing he can pretend to ignore. Nothing can take place within RPA without his knowledge. Apart from very isolated incidents carried out by petty criminals, all atrocities committed by the army in operational areas are sanctioned by him. The officers detained for so-called operational blunders are in actual facts detained because they did not kill the way he wants. They are not in remand for killing civilians, but for not concealing their bodies. For him that is a crime. The one who manages to kill the maximum and clear all the evidence will surely be promoted. 22. Major general Paul Kagame manages Rwandan army as his own militiamen. The whole army has become a wide intelligence network. When there are officially 5 intelligence officers, you can rest assured that there are another 20 under cover. There is no clear chain of command in the intelligence network, everybody spies on everybody else and reports to Major General Paul Kagame in person. Kagame is a very rough and security cautious person. He has got a network of criminals who are by this virtue untouchable. They are ready to carry out any dirty mission that Kagame assigns them. Those people are so 2 Directorate of Military Intelligence deadly that nobody dares flee the country because they may be tracked anywhere and be killed. Kagame does not fear anybody. He does not care even about his health. He sleeps at 2.30 am and wakes up at 4.00 am. He does what he wants, when he wants. He is very stubborn and arrogant. He does not hesitate to call his entourage stupid people because he thinks that he is the cleverest man. He does not trust anybody and is very unpredictable. B. Some of the crimes he committed or ordered 23. Major general Paul Kagame personally ordered the shooting down of President Juvénal Habyarimana’s plane. 24. I got astonished when I heard him denying it. I equally got surprised by Rwandan Radio and some international media manoeuvre to absolve him of that act. I heard even civilian people like Minister Charles Muligande, trying to explain how militarily it was impossible. 25. Let me make it crystal clear, I attended the last meeting where the plan was hatched. I was there physically and I even know the names of those who carried out the shooting. I was working with them in the High Command unit. It is Lt Frank Nziza and cpl Eric Hakizimana. 26. It is not hearsays; I was present when the meeting took place. That was on 31st March 1994 from 2.30pm to 3.30pm.The Chairman of the meeting was Major general Paul Kagame, and the following officers were present: Col Kayumba Nyamwasa, Col Théoneste Lizinde, Lt Col James Kabarebe, Major Jacob Tumwine, Captain Charles Karamba. I heard P. Kagame asking Col. Lizinde to report about his investigations and I have seen Col Lizinde giving to Paul Kagame a map of the selected place for the plane shooting etc. I don’t want to jeopardise the investigation, because I would be playing around with criminals who would take the opportunity to prepare their defence. But I simply want to say that I am ready to give evidence in court, should my testimony be needed. I would then say the whole truth, if I were still alive. C. Major general Paul Kagame gave orders to kill civilians. 27. He ordered at numerous occasions to kill as many civilians as possible. This took place in many areas in Byumba, Ruhengeri and elsewhere, and long before the Tutsi genocide. I say so because some people think that RPA killed in reprisal after the genocide. Even during the genocide, I saw and heard on several occasions major general Paul Kagame giving orders to kill civilians, especially in Mutara, Byumba and Kibungo. He would enjoy it like a football fan watching a football game and cheering his team. At time, he even used his escort or selected DMI operatives to kill civilians. 28. Before the plan to get rid of Juvénal Habyarimana was hatched, meeting had been going on to prepare the final assault on Kigali. This had been the ultimate goal whatever the outcome of the negotiations. At that time, I was acting I.O for then Lt Silas Udahemuka (currently strong man in Kigali), who had got involved in an accident. In this capacity, I could attend all the meetings of the High Command. In one of the meetings, major general Paul Kagame ordered that civilians be lured into attending a public rally under the pretext of emergency food supply or security meetings, in order to round them up and eliminate them. And this happened the way it had been planned. The reality is that mass killings of people took place under his orders. Furthermore, he had a special hatred against religious people. Whenever the latter would be spotted and rounded up, local commanders would always ask major General Kagame what to do. Invariably, he ordered for their killings. I am even aware of the talks he had with Lieutenant colonel Fred Ibingira before the bishops were killed in Kabgayi. Similar incidents happened in Rwesero. The execution squad took the priests to Karushya and killed them. D. The sparking off of the Tutsi genocide. I was in charge of collecting and analysing intelligence from our sources inside Rwanda. 29. All the reports were unanimously stating that Tutsi would be wiped out if the war resumed. Any pretext would be enough to kick off the killings. Major general Paul Kagame did not care at all about those threats. Recently, when one of former RPA officers who deserted and fled the country said that RPA was to blame for the killing of Tutsi, Rwandan foreign affairs minister, Charles Muligande attempted against all odds to refute it. Why does he so pathetically tell lies? It will suffice to recall that Kagame himself used to say that Tutsi living inside Rwanda were opportunists and reactionary elements that had refused to flee. Their death was none of his concerns. In fact, all the forces that were used to kill innocent civilians in liberated areas would have been used to rescue Tutsi. This did not happen. God willing, I will, jointly with other colleagues, compile a comprehensive report about ethnic cleansing that was ordered by Kagame. At times, he did it personally. I saw him personally instructing for the digging of mass graves for people who had been massacred in Byumba, Muhura and Murambi. Later, he ordered their removal and to be taken to crematory centres in Gabiro, Nasho, Masaka, Nyungwe, Kami, Gitarama military barracks and Mukamira. At times, people would be packed alive into lorries and be taken directly to the above place to be executed on the spot. 30. Apart from the war of 1990-1994, he launched two bloody wars in Zaire and is still disturbing that country. 31. Major general Paul Kagame also instructed his officers and men led by then Col Kayumba Nyamwasa to massacre civilians in Ruhengeri and Gisenyi. I saw personally heavy artillery pieces and helicopter gunship shelling villages under the excuse of fighting insurgency. At time, no single infiltrators would have set foot there, or they may have been there but left long before the counterattack. People would be summarily executed after long suffering by torture. 32. He did not spare his own tribes mates Tutsi. Bagogwe and Banyamulenge of Zaire were killed to safeguard his own selfish interests. It is not easy to find the right wording, but what he did is indescribable. He killed so many Congolese of Rwandan origin, Hutu and Tutsi alike. This will also be detailed later. We were Inkotanyi-members of RPA, we know all the elements who were misguided into getting involved in crimes. People should be assured that soon or later, all crimes that took place on the Rwandan soil will be accounted for. It will serve as a lesson for many, for one may conceal a crime, but the crime does not conceal itself. 33. I take this opportunity to call upon all Rwandan fighting the general Kagame’s regime, to avoid getting involved in any activities that would lead to shedding the blood of innocent people. Kagame concealed his crimes for nearly 10 years, but time has come to expose him. All criminals will end up being taken to court to answer for their deeds. Why do they take the risk of being arrested one day and spend the rest of their lives in prison? E. The refusal to rescue Tutsi in 1994 34. I cannot forget the pain that general Kagame inflicted to Rwandan of Tutsi ethnic group, his own tribe mates. Some were even killed on his orders. Others were deliberately left at the mercy of Interahamwe. He made sure that nobody comes to their rescue. Up-to-date, he is still pursuing his policy by repeating in Congo what he did in Rwanda. Why is he busy creating hatred between Banyamulenge minority and the rest of the Congolese population? Is it for the interest of Tutsis? Even in Rwanda, he does not spare anything to exacerbate tension between ethnic groups, by his policy of forced reconciliation. What he does will inevitably lead to a new wave of ethnic conflict and Tutsi will again be the main victims. I hereby condemn it publicly, I urge him to stop forthwith killing us, causing us to be killed and using us as political springboard. I urge him to leave our country and the region in peace. As I promised, with the help of courageous colleagues who managed to flee his death squads, we shall compile a comprehensive report of all atrocities General Paul Kagame was involved in. I deliberately refrained from talking about politics. I leave it to others more competent to denounce his dictatorship. 35. I know very well that people will ask themselves why a Tutsi who came from Uganda for that matter can leak such secrets, as people think that all former Ugandan refugees are all in good books with the regime of general Kagame. 36. For me, I am not leaking secrets, I am denouncing crimes. There are many people who are longing to do so, but who cannot because they don’t have the opportunity. For to say such thing inside Rwanda or anywhere in Africa would put somebody’s life in great danger. I spoke out because I have a chance of being in a country where I feel safe. I don’t rule out reprisals against my family left in Rwanda, but I am doing it anyway to avoid more suffering for all Rwandans. My prayer is that the international community at long last takes the opportunity to put an end to its support to general Kagame’s regime, which is decimating people under the pretext of protecting Tutsi. Everything is done for his own interest. Norway, 05/07/2004 2nd Lt Aloys RUYENZI (Signed) Contact ========================================================== Nothing new under the sun Article by: Zangabe We need good neighbours than potential powerful ennemy. Do not ever forget, Kagame is not eternal he is a mere human as anybody out there in power in Kigali but very arrogant, cunny and stubborn. Do you believe that it was one morning and one night god Mobutu left DRCongo as a mere man without praises. Do you recall that it was one morning and one night emperor Bokassa was toppled as a mere maid without protocol. Do you remember it was one morning and one night master Idi Amin runaway as a mere scout boy by foot. But you know IBM system become obsolete and were out taken over by Microsoft. Do not forget the American KKK was once more feared and powerful was useful for the segregation to be perpetuated. And now, useless organization good reference when studying black history: forgotten by the US society in the rubbish bin. Kaguta Museveni: LRA will destroy him. Afraid for their popularity. Wait and see 7months. Kagame Paul: Genocide Instigator will be soon villain and will pay Rwanda in one-year time. Kanambe Kabila: Usurpator and Killer will be pursuit and hunt by Congolese in few weeks. Kabarebe James, Kahara Bizima, Ruberwa Maniwa, Mihigo Nkundabatware, Nyarugabo Moise, Sefuliri, Rugwiza Deo, Mutebusi Jules are their associates who have to answer to us. This is the appropriate moment for us so called Banyamulenge to stand and reclaim our right as full Rwandan citizens otherwise when Kabila runs back to Tanzania in few weeks, the new dispensation in the DRcongo will be harsh toward Kagame and we have to be covered.Any plan even well prepared by kagame with Eritria,Burundi,Uganda blessed by Bush,Louis Michel or Clinton will fail due to DRCongo special annointing from God. I am so called Munyamulenge(but I am Rwandan>note that any divination,weapon,curses against DRCongo is void and shall not prosper. Congolese especially of diaspora are committed, very strong, organizing and determine to take over the control of their country (as Tutsi done since 1959). We, Rwandans cannot stop them doing so. Kanambe Kabila who is tutsi boy grown in Tanzania was appointed by Kagame via the tutsi power which is a group of greedy and ambitious people will be demystified by Congolese anytime soon. We want peace in the region, Congo never provoke in contrary our shepherds are the ones creating cross boarding conflicts and helping with Coltan illicit trade. We will be confused and ashamed,We must not rely on the propaganda in international media which still labeling us as weak nation and praising Kagame after killing of Hutus and displaying their skulls in a museum to attract visitors. Let us prepare to work with Congolese who in return will assist us to handle the African Hitler, am saying Kagame and cronies. Let us work for peace in the great lakes region. Dont be naïve again as Kagame used us doing his dirty works in DRCongo. For a better Rwanda, the condition sine qua none is Congo to Congolese and we have to accept it. IT’S CLAIR. Life or Dead Mr. Kagame must stay away from this country, the stability of Rwanda depends on what is happening there. Assure a better future for your kids otherwise they will be also refugees in USA, Canada or Belgium. Pull out your puppet in charge in Kinshasa Kanambe and stop your fighting dog Kundabatware.give positions to Ruberwa, Bizima and Nyarugabo and tell them that they are Rwandans so they will stop that Banyamulenge senseless story. I do love you Mr.President. You will soon leave that seat as Kayibanda, Habyarimana and Bizimungu left it to you to kill us. You are not invincible, you have plenty weaknesses which will be exploited to oust you. Banyamulenge are attending on your case in Goma. Bush does not stay with you and America is very far to listen to your cries when your same cronies will handle you. We want peace, paix, salaam, shalom with all our neighbors. Nothing new under the sun Comments by: Zangabe Written on: 04, April, 2008 – 10:11:15 (-0400 GMT) Doug and clan It is very sad for someone considering himself as an intellectual with sole monopoly to teach others what not to say about Kagame and his dictatorship in Rwanda. I was in Kigali for 2 days later to Gisenyi and back to my country of retreat. My friend, your Rwanda is no more a nation but a place where people are full of grudge and bitterness living in fear and building internal sense of self defense which will culminate in a huge revolution soon or later. I know your Amani Project to annex Kivu using us Bamanyamulenge (false Congolese) but what you are ignoring that throughout killing of close allies such as Kabera Assiel, Rutayisire, Kanyarengwe Alex, Seth Sendasonga; your uncle African Hitler Kagame signed his own end and death because their blood are calling for reparation. Killers such as Gen Kabarebe James, Gen. ndahiro Emmanuel and Col Rushema of DMI killed or make disappeared recently prominent people like: Niyitegeka Théoneste, Siméon Ndahayo, Francine Mutumwinka, Charles Uwineza, Félicien Ndimurwango, Etienne Nteturura, Kamanzi and Emmanuel Mbabajehe,Kanyarutoke Aimable, Muvunyi Jean-Paul, Emmanuel Ndahiriwe, Agnès Uwimana, Mujyambere Jean-Bosco, Bosco Gasasira and many more. Mr Intellectual dont forget others who are running daily in exile protecting their skin such as Jean-Pierre Kagubari, Rwigara Assinapol ect against Kagame and Ragangaza. You will notice that best Rwandans like me who will change history of Rwanda are outside to free Rwanda. First sign, kagame entourage daily living in fear of Congolese who are just ready to takeover their land and send Kanambe aka Joseph Kabila to Rwanda and we in Goma will stop your Amani project.Bush will turn his back to you as the US done in the past to Mobutu,Shah,Pinochet,Marcos,Somoza. Kagame time is over: check the prophecies and read the Book. Be wise my boy The African rebuilding will start from DRCongo and a King to reunify Hutu, Tutsi and Twa will be in Kigali soon. Like it or not, believe it or not. Vive le Roi Second sign, no more Banyamulenge Bizima Ruberwa Sefuliri Nyarugabo Mutebusi Kundabatware senseless and stupid Congolese tutsi story created by tutsi power. Adieu Empire Hima, Bye Bye République des Volcans, Au revoir Tutsiland. Long life our King of Rwanda, you are called to reunite again Rwandans to prosper and live together in peace. Read the prophecies and the Book. ========================================================== Hotel Rwanda’s Lies Once Again Exposed Written on: 19, March, 2008 – 10:45:48 (-0400 GMT) Article by: Baazigucyeeta Hotel Rwanda’s Lies Once Again Exposed Sam Ruburica A new book once again exposes the lies of Paul Rusesabagina, the man who claims to have saved thousands of people during the genocide. Paul Rusesabagina shot to fame by portraying himself as the hero who had saved the lives of 1268 refugees who had taken refuge in Hotel de Mille Colline during the 1994 genocide. Although Hotel Rwanda was quite successful, it is being exposed as a fiction movie. His story was told in the film Hotel Rwanda, with lead actor Don Cheadle, which became an instant hit in the west as well as in countries such as Japan, and which became the most successful film to depict to the world what took place in Rwanda in 1994. Yet the survivors of the genocide as well as Rwandans in general, tell a story very different from the Hollywood fiction. Last week, a new book was launched last week at the hotel where Paul Rusesabagina claimed his heroics (Hotel des Mille Collines), co- authored by Alfred Ndahiro and Privat Rutazigwa. The two conducted research and unearthed the truth about what happened at the hotel, where Rusesabagina was the stand in manager. According to Alfred Ndahiro, the research could not have possible without involving and working closely with the survivors of the Rwandan genocide who took refuge at Hotel des Mille Collines, and who in one way or the other had to deal with Paul Rusesabagina. According to their study, 85% of people who took refuge at the Hotel at the height of the massacres were helped out by their Hutu friends, while others simply gave money to soldiers to take them there. The study further indicates that, despite the humanitarian act by some people to hide Tutsi’s and to take them to the hotel, it did not stop them from getting involved in the atrocities. Serge Rusagara Saa Kumi, a genocide survivor who was fourteen during at the time, recounts how his parents were killed where they lived in Nyamirambo on April 8. After hiding for five weeks, they met Robert Kajuga, a friend of his father’s who happened to be one of the Interahamwe chiefs, and who took them to his house where they stayed in hiding for two days. Then, Kajuga told them that it was time to go to Hotel des Mille Collines, and ordered a jeep with escorts to take them here. “We were shipped to the hotel in two rounds for the fear that we would all be killed,” he says. Upon arrival at the gates, they were denied entry by the guards. Since the youngest sibling had sustained a head injury, they continued pleading with the guards until one of the Unamir (United Nations assistance mission to Rwanda) trucks arrived at the barrier. When the militias opened the gates, Serge Rusagara Saa Kumi ran after the truck as it entered and his sisters followed. At the reception they met Paul Rusesabagina, who asked them who would pay for their stay at the hotel, and threatened to throw them out if they had no money to pay for their bills. Fortunately, a young brother of family friend Fecilien Rutareka signed the forms and agreed to pay for their bills. Thereafter, he and his sisters were taken care of by other families staying at the hotel. Giving his opinion on the Hotel Rwanda movie, Serge says that he could not fathom why Rusesabagina was charging people money in return for refuge, and to threaten those who could not pay to be thrown out where the killers were waiting. “I really don’t understand how a person who cannot save kids, can be portrayed as hero,” Serge Rusagara Saa Kumi remarks. Two spoons of rice for Frw 500 Another witness who could only be identified as Michelline, explains that by the time genocide began, she and her young sister together with other Tutsis were helped by one Wellars, who shipped them to the hotel using a pick-up van. She said that Wellars had insisted on taking only women, since men were the main target for the militias. As was the case with Serge, Michelline’s group was also split in two so as to have more chances for at least some of them to reach the hotel. She and the sister went with the last group. “We made it to the hotel, but the people on the first trip were massacred,” she recounts. In order to enter the hotel, Wellars had to bribe the militias with a lot of money. Michelline had no money to pay for the hotel bills, but an unknown a lady offered to pay for them; Rusesabagina insisted that she signed a check for the payment. Life in the hotel was horrible, Michelline remembers, with very little food so that two spoons of rice mixed with beans were sold for Frw 500. The only available water for consumption was the swimming pool water, which was used for all purposes such as drinking and cooking, as Rusesabagina had given the water tank to the militias. “The swimming pool water was not accessible to everyone; you had to have the right connections,” Michelline explains. Michelline remembers her incredulity when he first saw Hotel Rwanda. “The film is not at all based on what actually happened in this hotel,” she says. Relevant Links Central Africa Arts, Culture and Entertainment Rwanda Prime Minister Bernard Makuza also happened to be one of the people who had sought refuge at Mille Collines. He remembers how, when the film was screened for the first time at Serena Hotel, he went there against his will and but had to go for protocol reasons. “A few days before the movie was shown at Serena, I had already seen a copy and didn’t resemble in any way what had happened at Hotel des Mille Collines,” the Premier says. At Serena, he could not bear to look at the screen, and opted to look at the floor until his wife asked why he wasn’t watching. He explained her that the movie, which claims to be based on a true story, had no truth in it at all. He also remarks that at a certain time the idea circulated to recognize Paul Rusesabagina for his ‘heroics’, and that files were already being pushed for cabinet approval, something he was totally opposed to. Fortunately, Rusesabagina’s lies were gradually being exposed, and the plan was shelved. Source: Re:Hotel Rwanda’s Lies Once Again Exposed Comments by: Heshima Written on: 08, April, 2008 – 14:55:51 (-0400 GMT) War between Tutsi and Hutu will not end. It’s now almost 14yrs since mass killings in Rwanda, and it was even seen by Internatinal that Paul R saved alot of people in Hotel de M C, and he was given a medal for his love to people, It’s total asheme to hear some body writting book that Paul lied, This shows that Tutsi tribe want to be fameous only they do want any body to be given award of having done well don’t you think that this is jellous? since genocide just recently that’s when such things started why did’t they say this before, Re:Hotel Rwanda’s Lies Once Again Exposed Comments by: Illenex Written on: 07, April, 2008 – 15:29:31 (-0400 GMT) Bernard are a very messed up person. Regardless of what conditions were at the Hotel, it’s the past and focus on makind a difference in Rwanda other than talking all the time like an adoloscent girl…grow up. Re:Hotel Rwanda’s Lies Once Again Exposed Comments by: Saint Written on: 06, April, 2008 – 08:26:46 (-0400 GMT) Where were the researchers during the massacres? You don’t have to reseach the reality while the witness are there to account for what happened. Don’t ask one group for advancing your own agenda. If there were more than 1000 people in the hotel ask at least half of them to tell you what really transpered in there. The writers hope to countereact to the story that made Rwanda to be known with hope that they could make as much money as Rusesabagina did. if himself lied i am sure it was on the basis of business. For me he was clever to make money out of a real situation without stealing from anybody and without politicising the genocide. We are fed up with people who portray all hutus as genocideur. This PM must also watch out. Another book will come out criticising him no to look at the film as his fellow people were killing tutsis. it is time that Rwandans stop creating hate by lebelling others as bad guys Re:Hotel Rwanda’s Lies Once Again Exposed Comments by: Edi Written on: 03, April, 2008 – 15:24:47 (-0400 GMT) The rwandan government is based on BS how can someone like prime Minister talkin nonsense when he should tankin the person who helped him???The fact is if it wasn’t for Rusesabagina this so caled PM of rwanda would be probably death.i don’t care what Mr.Rusesabagina had to do to save them the question is did he save them?Do this peoples still a live today because one man helped them?If the enswer is yes then the man is a Hero rigardless the money or whatever else he used to save this people.There is so many people who at the time of genocide who wish they have someone to save them for the money.The PM of rwanda is doin what his Boss told him to do i can’t blame on him to much because hi lives in nation where there is no freedom of anything,if he don’t say what His big boss wants he will be going to prison within a minute or even be killed like everyothers who opposed the big boss of rwanda or the god of rwanda who no longer with us because of wha they said or did.It’s sad tha one have to lie to stay alive or tell the truth and be killed!!!??? They can write as many books as they want about Paul rusesabagina how he did no save this people or whatever they said he dint do but yet none of them did enithing to stop the killing at tha time.They claime to have stoped the Genocide i guess it’s true they did stop the genocide and again they did start the Genocide whoelse be able to stop it? The Rwandese government is just trying to make up bad stories so they can get ready of him since he is an edicated hutu who saved tutsis during the killing that of 1994.Sofar all hutus have been accused of genocide which is a sad stuation when only few group of hutus was involve in the genocide. now every hutu is hunted like criminal or an animal yet most of this people on prison are innocent.The Big boss of rwanda just wants to get ready of every hutu who’s edicated and Paul rusesabagina is treat to him because he is smart hutu who done good thing for the tutsi when he should be a hunted hutu just like other hutus. this Genocide things s not workin for the god of rwand anymore to me there was no Genocide in Rwanda yes there was mass killing on both side yes there was more tutsis killid in 1994 compare to the hutu who was the majority yet how you defined the Genocide when there was victims on both side of hutu and tutsi ?Some tutsi claim they familly was killed by Interahamwe and other tutsi claim they still alive because Interahamwe saved them.And how you call that a genocide?Serge Rusagara saakume just said he was saved by the one of the chef of interahamwe. What i can say to the kigali government is try find criminals live innocent peoples alone hutu don’t mean criminal and they need to appologize to hutu who are in prison for yeas and years and still this people are innocent and this government need to appologized to the tutsi for leting them down in 1994.If they can do that then rwandan people will again live happy in love and peace Peace for everyone. Re:Hotel Rwanda’s Lies Once Again Exposed Comments by: Cyuma01 Written on: 01, April, 2008 – 18:20:38 (-0400 GMT) Well, mr Prime Minister,you should have lobbyed hollywood and gotten them to make a more “decent account” of things…Right now it’s too late and the Rusesabagina phenomenon is hitting you in the face by getting endorsements from all over the world while you sit and moan…If you were really there and you read his book(which came long before the movie…)then shame on you Bernard Makuza…if i were you i wouldn’t even mention it in passing…it is an astounding lack of foresight on your part…and,regrettably, a very easy way to name recognition for the man who claims to have saved so many…it is shameful to see peoples’ lives being used for political and financial reasons when they perished in such a horrible way Re:Hotel Rwanda’s Lies Once Again Exposed Comments by: Kadogo007 Written on: 25, March, 2008 – 23:46:06 (-0400 GMT) Brothers and All…. Time reveals all higen things…So If I get it right Even the head of Interamwe in Kigali saved Tutsi lifes? “Serge Rusagara Saa Kumi, a genocide survivor who was fourteen during at the time, recounts how his parents were killed where they lived in Nyamirambo on April 8. After hiding for five weeks, they met Robert Kajuga, a friend of his father’s who happened to be one of the Interahamwe chiefs, and who took them to his house where they stayed in hiding for two days. Then, Kajuga told them that it was time to go to Hotel des Mille Collines, and ordered a jeep with escorts to take them here” from this statement it reads as if Kajuga saved serge rusagara’s life. Re:Hotel Rwanda’s Lies Once Again Exposed Comments by: Mpumuza Written on: 22, March, 2008 – 06:16:35 (-0400 GMT) Talks and talks, books and books, conferences and conferences,…all will not stop the reality: WHOEVER RESCUED EVEN A SINGLE PERSON THAT TIME IS A BRAVE PERSON, POLITICS ASIDE!!! “UWITURWA INEZA N’UWO YAYIGIRIYE ABA AGIRA IMANA”.


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